Asia - travel vaccination advice

Vaccination against various diseases is recommended when travelling to most Asian countries. The vaccines depend on the destination, type of accommodation, sanitary conditions, length of stay and the general health of the traveller.

Malaria precautions are recommended for most Asian countries. Avoid mosquito bites by covering up with clothing such as long sleeves and long trousers especially after sunset, using insect repellents on exposed skin and, when necessary, sleeping under a mosquito net. In addition, antimalarial tablets are recommended when travelling to some areas in Asia. 

Asia is not declared polio-free.

For information about yellow fever vaccination requirements, see WHO:

People who are unsure if they have had the MMR vaccine or whether they have had measles, mumps or rubella (German measles) are recommended to have the vaccine.

Check your vaccination status

If you have children under the age of 16, you can also see which vaccines they have received.

International travel can be divided into two main groups

Group 1

Business and tourist travel to cities and tourist resorts, staying in standard tourist-class hotels with good food hygiene and adequate sanitary conditions.

Group 2

Long-term foreign travel or residence in areas with poor hygiene and sanitation, and / or close and prolonged contact with locals (such as work, back-packing trips, immigrants on a visit to their former homeland).

Travel vaccines for Asia

  • dTP-IPV: Diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough and polio vaccine
  • IPV: Poliomyelitis vaccine
  • Hep A: Hepatitis A vaccine
  • Hep B: Hepatitis B vaccine
  • J: Japanese encephalitis vaccine
  • Rab: Rabies vaccine
  • TBE: Tick-borne encephalitis vaccine
  • Typh: Typhoid vaccine
  • BCG: Tuberculosis vaccine

( ): Parentheses around the abbreviation means that the proposed prevention should be considered individually depending on the trip type and local geographic and seasonal variations in disease prevalence. In addition, the traveller's health, age and previous immunisation status should be considered.

 

Destination

​Group 1

​Group2

Japan

​dTP-IPV * 

​​dTP-IPV * 
(Hep B)
(J)
(TBE)

Singapore

​dTP-IPV * 

​​dTP-IPV * 
(Hep B)
(BCG)
(J)

Malaysia (Malaysian peninsula), Thailand

​dTP-IPV * 

​​dTP-IPV * 
(Hep A)
(Typh)
(Hep B)
(BCG)
(Rab)
(J)

South-Korea

​dTP-IPV * 

​​dTP-IPV * 
(Hep A)
(Hep B)
(BCG)
(Rab)
(J)

Maldives

​dTP-IPV * 

​​dTP-IPV * 
(Hep A)
Typh

Taiwan

dTP-IPV*

Hep A

dTP-IPV*
Hep A
Typh
(Hep B)
(Rab)
(J)

Mongolia, Kasakhstan

​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
Typh
(Hep B)
(BCG)
(Rab)
(TBE)

Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
Typh
(Hep B)
(BCG)
(Rab)

Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, East Timor, India, Indonesia, Laos, Nepal, North Korea, Sri Lanka, Vietnam

​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
Typh
(Hep B)
(BCG)
(Rab)
(J)

Malaysia (Borneo Islands), Myanmar, Philippines

​dTP-IPV * Hep A

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
Typh
(Hep B)
(BCG)
(Rab)
(J)

​Russia (Asian part), China

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A

​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
Typh
(Hep B)
(BCG)
(Rab)
(TBE)
(J)

Afghanistan, Pakistan

​​dTP-IPV * 
IPV**
Hep A
Typh

​​​dTP-IPV * 
IPV**
Hep A
Typh
(Hep B)
(BCG)
(Rab)

*) Everybody should be vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough) and poliomyelitis. Adults who have had the basic vaccinations should have a booster dose against these diseases every 10 years. 

For travel to countries with prevalence of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2, it is important to ensure up-to-date polio vaccination and consider bringing forward vaccination of infants. The WHO and Norwegian health authorities encourage visitors with stays of more than 4 weeks in countries with polio outbreaks at risk of exporting vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2, to follow the same advice as in the section below (**).

For an overview of countries with incidence of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2, read here: Polio vaccination for stays in countries with polio outbreaks (NIPH)

Note that WHO considers some countries at risk of new introduction of vaccine-derived poliovirus. It is important that travellers to these countries ensure that they have up-to-date polio vaccination.
 
**Countries with a risk of exporting wild poliovirus (Afghanistan and Pakistan) must ensure that everyone who has stayed in the country for more than 4 weeks has received a polio vaccine between 4 weeks and 12 months before leaving the country. Travellers must document vaccination with an international vaccination certificate. Applies to people of all ages, including children, even if they are considered fully vaccinated according to the Norwegian programme.

Vaccination advice when traveling to other parts of the world

Content provided by Norwegian Institute of Public Health

Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Asia - travel vaccination advice. [Internet]. Oslo: The Norwegian Directorate of Health; updated Friday, March 24, 2023 [retrieved Friday, March 1, 2024]. Available from: https://www.helsenorge.no/en/vaksiner-og-vaksinasjon/reisevaksiner/travel-vaccination-asia/

Last updated Friday, March 24, 2023