Oceania - travel vaccination advice

Vaccination against various diseases is recommended when travelling to most Pacific Islands. The vaccines depend on the destination, type of accommodation, sanitary conditions, length of stay and the general health of the traveller.

Malaria precautions are essential in some of the Pacific Islands. Avoid mosquito bites by covering up with clothing such as long sleeves and long trousers especially after sunset, using insect repellents on exposed skin and, when necessary, sleeping under a mosquito net. In addition, antimalarial tablets are recommended when travelling to some of the Pacific Islands.

People who are unsure if they have had the MMR vaccine or whether they have had measles, mumps or rubella are recommended to take the MMR vaccine.

Check your vaccination status

If you have children under the age of 16, you can also see which vaccines they have received.

International travel can be divided into two main groups

​Group 1

Business and tourist travel to cities and tourist resorts, staying in standard tourist-class hotels with good food hygiene and adequate sanitary conditions.

Group 2

Long-term foreign travel or residence in areas with poor hygiene and sanitation, and / or close and prolonged contact with locals. Such as work, backpacking trips, immigrants on a visit to their former homeland.

Travel vaccines for Oceania

  • dTP-IPV: Diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough and polio vaccine
  • Hep A: Hepatitis A vaccine
  • Hep B: Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Typh: Typhoid vaccine
  • J: Japanese encephalitis vaccine
  • Rab: Rabies vaccine
  • BCG: Tuberculosis vaccine

( ): Parentheses around the abbreviation means that the proposed prevention should be considered individually depending on the trip type and local geographic and seasonal variations in disease prevalence. In addition, the traveller's health, age and previous immunisation status should be considered.

 

​Destination

​Group 1

​Group 2

Australia (Cape York and islands in Torres Strait)

​dTP-IPV * 

​​dTP-IPV * 
(J)

Rest of Australia, New Zealand

​dTP-IPV * 

​​dTP-IPV * 

French Polynesia (including Tahiti), Niue, Tonga, Samoa

​dTP-IPV * 

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
Typh

Fiji, Guam, Palau

​dTP-IPV *

​dTP-IPV*
Typh
Hep A
(BCG) 

​Christmas Islands, Cook islands, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Norfolk Island, New Caledonia, Pitcairn Islands, Wallis and Futuna Islands

​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
Typh

Kiribati, Micronesia, Nauru, Northern Mariana Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu

​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
Typh
(BCG)

Tokelau

​dTP-IPV * 
Measles***
Hep A

​​dTP-IPV * 
Measles***
Hep A
Typh

Marshall Islands, Solomon Islands 

​dTP-IPV * 
Measles***
Hep A

​​dTP-IPV * 
Measles***
Hep A
Typh
(BCG)

American Samoa

​dTP-IPV Measles***

Hep A

​​dTP-IPV * 
Measles***
Hep A
Typh
(Rab)

​Papua New Guinea

​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
Tyf

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
Typh
(Hep B)
(BCG)
(J)

* Everybody should be vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough) and poliomyelitis. Adults who have had the basic vaccinations should have a booster dose against these diseases every 10 years. 

***American Samoa, Solomon Islands, Marshall Islands and Tokelau have introduced a requirement for documented measles vaccination to avoid large measles outbreaks. The authorities require travellers born in 1957 or later to prove that they are vaccinated against measles more than two weeks before arrival.

Vaccination advice when traveling to other parts of the world

Content provided by Norwegian Institute of Public Health

Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Oceania - travel vaccination advice. [Internet]. Oslo: The Norwegian Directorate of Health; updated Friday, May 20, 2022 [retrieved Friday, March 1, 2024]. Available from: https://www.helsenorge.no/en/vaksiner-og-vaksinasjon/reisevaksiner/travel-vaccines-oceania/

Last updated Friday, May 20, 2022