Quarantine and isolation due to the coronavirus

House with a white door

Illustrasjon: Mostphotos/Michael Erhardsson

Transmission quarantine

It is your duty to familiarize yourself with the rules that apply when in transmission quarantine:

Who should be in transmission quarantine?

Everyone who is a close contact to a person with a confirmed coronavirus infection must be in quarantine for 10 days from the day of contact. If you are a close contact, you will be contacted in connection with contact tracing and informed as to what applies to you.

You are a close contact of the infected person if you, during the last 48 hours have been either:

  • closer than 2 metres for more than 15 minutes
  • in direct physical contact
  • in direct contact with secretes (such as saliva, snot or tears).

Start counting back 48 hours from the point in time where the person first developed symptoms. If the person does not develop any symptoms you start counting from when the positive test was taken.

How to implement the transmission quarantine

How to implement the transmission quarantine

If you are in transmission quarantine you should:

  • Stay at home or another suitable place of residence
  • Maintain an increased distance to other adults in the household.
  • Not go to work, school or kindergarten.
  • Not travel domestically.
  • Not seek places where it is difficult to maintain a distance to other people
  • Not use public transport.
  • Not seek out public places such as shops, pharmacies and cafes. If unavoidable, you can conduct necessary errands in the store or pharmacy but ensure that you maintain a minimum of one metre distance to others and avoid queuing.
  • Avoid having guests visit. Children cannot meet up with playmates other than those who are part of the same household.

You can go for a walk but keep a good distance to others. Children and young people should have the opportunity for play. Accompanying children for outdoor activities at least once a day is encouraged.

Many shops, suppliers and restaurants offer online shopping, home delivery or sound solutions for picking up goods.

The key point is not to infect others prior to possibly developing symptoms yourself.

Where to implement the transmission quarantine?

Transmission quarantine duty should be implemented in your own home or other suitable place of residence. If you are staying at another suitable place of residence outside of your own home, it should be possible to avoid contact with other adults. A separate room with a separate bathroom and a separate kitchen is required.

Staying in places where you have to share toilets, kitchens or other facilities with others than those in your own household is not allowed. A motorhome, caravan, tent or cabin at a camping site, a dormitory or other place of residence with a shared bathroom or kitchen are examples of place that are not suitable.

Student housing, a dormitory or barracks may be suitable as a place of residence if this is where the person' normally lives. You should keep a good distance to others who live in the same place of residence and avoid the use of common facilities and areas as far as possible.

If you do not have access to a suitable place to implement your quarantine, the municipality can help find a suitable place.

Testing when in transmission quarantine

You should undergo testing as soon as possible after entering transmission quarantine.

The transmission quarantine duty period can be shortened if you take a test that comes back negative (PCR-based test) and the test was taken no sooner than seven days after you were in contact with the person with a coronavirus infection. Your quarantine duty period applies until you can document a negative test result.

Household members and waiting quarantine

You must enter a waiting quarantine if you live with a person who is in transmission quarantine. While in waiting quarantine, you must follow the same rules that apply to those in transmission quarantine. You can end the waiting quarantine by testing.

Read more about the waiting quarantine here.

Duration of the transmission quarantine for household members of a person in isolation

The other household members should implement their quarantine as described above if the person with a coronavirus infection is able to live separately from the rest of the household.

If the person with a coronavirus infection is not able to live separately from the rest of the household, day 5 of the quarantine period can be counted as their last day of contact and first day of quarantine. Hence the members of the household will need to stay in quarantine for a total of 15 days.

If you are required to stay in quarantine for 15 days, you will also be able to take a test to shorten your quarantine duty period. The test cannot be taken any earlier than on day 12 (5 + 7) after the onset of symptoms for the last person in the household who turns ill.

If you develop symptoms of COVID-19 while in transmission quarantine

If you are in quarantine due to possible transmission and develop symptoms, you should act as if you have probably been infected with the coronavirus. You should undergo testing and you need to go into isolation while awaiting your test result. Other members of your household should be in quarantine even if the waiting quarantine is completed.

If you are diagnosed with a coronavirus infection you will have to go into isolation. If your test result comes back negative you will have to complete your transmission quarantine duty period.

If you still have symptoms after completing your quarantine period you must stay at home until you have recovered (meaning you feel well and do not have a fever), even if some symptoms of a respiratory tract infection lingers.

Will I receive sickness benefits if I must stay at home?

You are entitled to sick leave if you must stay at home because you are infected, might be infected or are in under quarantine duty. You will need to contact your doctor. Self-notification must always be considered before sick leave.

The Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) can approve sick leave without personal examination in the case of an infectious disease of significance to public health. More information is available on NAV's webpages (in Norwegian).

Exceptions to the transmissioon quarantine

Even if you are exempt from quarantine duty, you should as far as possible avoid close contact with others than those you live with. As an example, you should maintain a safe distance to those you work with even if you are exempt from quarantine duty due to work.

The exemption from quarantine duty ceases to apply If you develop symptoms of COVID-19 or a doctor suspects that you have a coronavirus infection.

Waiting quarantine

You must enter a waiting quarantine if you live with a person who is in transmission quarantine.

You are in waiting quarantine until: 

  • the person in transmission quarantine has tested negative on the first test

or

  • the 10-days quarantine period for the person in transmission quarantine is completed. This applies if the person in transmission quarantine does not undergo testing.

or

  • your own test result comes back negative (PCR-based test) on a test for the coronavirus taken no earlier than on day three after the person in transmission quarantine was last in contact with an infected person.

You do not need to enter a waiting quarantine if: 

  • you have been vaccinated (3 weeks after the first dose)

or

  • the person in transmission quarantine is vaccinated (3 weeks after the first dose)

or

  • you have undergone COVID-19 during the preceding six months, as documented by the Norwegian health services.

You would normally not need to enter a waiting quarantine unless you are part of the same household as a person in transmission quarantine. In municipalities with a high level of infection it might be necessary for additional persons to enter a waiting quarantine.

Travel quarantine

It is your duty to familiarize yourself with the rules that apply when in travel quarantine:

Violation of the quarantine duty is a criminal offence.

Who should be in travel quarantine?

Anyone returning from international travels must as a rule of thumb stay in quarantine for 10 days after the date of their arrival in Norway. This is referred to as travel quarantine.

Only a handful of countries or areas are exempt from travel quarantine. See NIPH for an overview of the relevant countries.

How to implement the travel quarantine

Your travel quarantine period is 10 days starting from the day of your arrival to Norway.

If you are in quarantine you should:

  • Stay at one of the locations described here.
  • Not go to work, school or kindergarten.
  • Not travel domestically.
  • Not seek places where it is difficult to keep a sufficient distance to other people.
  • Not use public transport (with the exception of traveling from your place of arrival to the place where you will be in quarantine, or the opposite direction when leaving Norway prior to completing your quarantine duty period. Anyone over the age of 12 should then wear a face mask.)
  • Not seek out public places such as shops, pharmacies and cafes. If unavoidable, you can conduct necessary errands in the store or pharmacy.
  • Avoid having visitors in your home. Children cannot meet up with playmates other than those who are part of the same household.

You can go for a walk but keep a good distance to others. Children and young people should have the opportunity for play. Accompanying children for outdoor activities at least once a day is encouraged.

Many shops, suppliers and restaurants offer online shopping, home delivery or sound solutions for picking up goods.

Testing when in travel quarantine

If you are not implementing your quarantine duty at a quarantine hotel you need to undergo testing for the coronavirus on day seven after arrival to Norway. You will need to contact the local municipality to arrange for an appointment for testing.

If you are staying at a quarantine hotel you will be offered testing after seven days.

You can reduce the length of the travel quarantine if you test negative for the coronavirus on a test (PCR-based test) taken seven days after arrival at the earliest. Quarantine is mandatory until you can document a negative test result.

Quarantine hotel or other suitable place of residence - where to implement the travel quarantine?

The rule of thumb is that anyone arriving in Norway after what is not considered a necessary travel must implement their travel quarantine at a quarantine hotel when and where they enter Norway.

See exceptions to quarantine hotel here.

You can end the travel quarantine and proceed to your final destination after documenting a negative test result (PCR-based test) on a test taken no sooner than on day seven after your arrival to Norway.

Allocation of quarantine hotel and registration

The municipality is responsible for organising the quarantine hotel. You will be offered a test for the coronavirus at the quarantine hotel upon arrival. Even if your test result comes back negative, you will need to complete your full quarantine period.

The municipality is responsible for organising the transport from your point of arrival to the hotel. This can be e.g. by taxi or by bus. Maintaining proper measures for infection control during the transport is important. Those arriving by car can drive to the quarantine hotel.

When arriving at the quarantine hotel you will be registered. This is mandatory. You will also be informed about testing, routines and measures for infection control in connections with your stay.

There is no need for separate rooms when implementing the travel quarantine at a quarantine hotel if you travel to Norway with your spouse, partner or children and are part of the same household.

Children and youth

Minor children who arrive in Norway alone and need to stay at a quarantine hotel shall have the opportunity to have an accompanying caregiver at the quarantine hotel.

Children and young people should have the opportunity for play. Accompanying children for outdoor activities at least once a day is encouraged. The hotel should also be able to have food available for children and young people outside of mealtimes, as well as access to laundry when required.

Cost

The cost of staying at a quarantine hotel is NOK 500 per night for individuals above the age of 18 and for employers. The cost for children between the ages of 10 and 18 is NOK 250 per night, while children under the age of 10 are free of charge when living with their parents.

Quarantine hotel exceptions

Although you may be exempt from implementing your travel quarantine at a quarantine hotel you must follow the rules on testing and registration when entering Norway.

You can implement your quarantine duty period at another suitable location if you belong to one of the following groups:

  • You are a resident in Norway, your travel was defined as necessary, and you are staying at your residence or another suitable residence during your quarantine duty period. You will need to be able to document that you are a registered resident in Norway and the necessity for travelling. See the definition of necessary travels here.
  • You have a permanent residence in Norway (rented or owned), your travel was defined as necessary, and you are staying at this residence during your quarantine duty period. The lease must be of a duration of a minimum of six months. You must be able to document the ownership or tenancy as well as the necessity for travelling. See the definition of necessary travels here.
  • In situations where there are specific welfare considerations to be taken, quarantine duty can be implemented at another suitable place of residence provided it will be possible to avoid close contact with others. The location must provide separate rooms, a separate bathroom and a separate kitchen or the possibility for serving food. You must be able to present documentation issued by the person providing the accommodation that the residence meets the requirements for implementing the travel quarantine.
  • If you arrive in Norway in connection with work, your employer provides a suitable place of residence. The accommodation should be approved by the Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority prior to entry. It should be possible to avoid close contact with others, with a separate room with TV and internet, a separate bathroom, and a separate kitchen or catering services. See further information about approved accommodation below.

There is no need for separate rooms for implementing the travel quarantine duty if you travel to Norway with your spouse, partner or children.

Certain occupational groups are exempt from travel quarantine duty at a quarantine hotel See Helsedirektoratet.no.

Irrespective of where you will be implementing your quarantine duty you will need to complete the travel registration form prior to entry. This includes documentation of the place of residence meeting the requirements for implementing the travel quarantine. 

If you - without due reason - do not undergo testing when arriving in Norway, you will need to implement your quarantine duty at a quarantine hotel.

Necessary travels

If you are a resident or have a permanent residence in Norway and your travel was defined as necessary, you will be able to implement your travel quarantine at home. You must be able to document that the journey was necessary.

The following travels are considered necessary:

  • Travel in connection with work
  • Travel to and from Norway for people who live in Norway but temporarily work abroad
  • Travel due to specific welfare considerations, such as contact arrangements with minor children, the birth of your child, visiting a close relative who is seriously ill or dying, or to participate in a funeral of a close relative.
  • International travel in connection with study for students at a Norwegian campus.
  • Travel to and from Norway for students who live in Norway but are studying abroad.

If you travel abroad in order to visit a spouse, girlfriend or other close relative who is not seriously ill, this will not be defined as specific welfare considerations.

The following documentation requirements apply:

  • Travel in connection with work: Documentation of the necessity for travelling issued by the employer or client.
  • Specific welfare considerations: Examples of documentation of specific welfare considerations are e.g. access and contact arrangements or a medical certificate. In cases where other documentation is difficult to provide, the documentation requirement can be met by self-declaration.
  • Travels in connection to study: Documentation of the necessity for travelling from the study institution.
  • Study abroad: Can be documented by a student certificate issued by the study institution.

If you are exempt from travel quarantine duty on the basis of your commuting from Sweden or Finland to Norway you do not need to document the necessity for travelling.

What is considered a suitable residence

Members of the same household as someone who is in travel quarantine

Quarantine is recommended if you live with a person who is in in travel quarantine and keeping a distance of 2 meters or staying in separate bedrooms and bathrooms is not possible.

You need to undergo testing for the coronavirus on day seven of the travel quarantine for the person arriving in Norway. This applies whether you have entered a quarantine or are able to maintain sufficient distance.

If you develop symptoms of COVID-19 while in travel quarantine

If you develop symptoms of COVID-19 while implementing your travel quarantine, you shall contact the local health services for testing. If the test result is negative, you must still complete the rest of your quarantine period.

If you have lingering symptoms after completing your quarantine period you must stay at home until you have recovered (meaning you feel well and do not have a fever), even if some symptoms of a respiratory tract infection lingers.

Read more about the symptoms of COVID-19 here.

Svalbard

Anyone arriving in Norway from a red area/country need to complete their full quarantine period in mainland Norway prior to travelling on to Svalbard. This applies to all who want to travel to Svalbard, including residents.

If you are travelling from mainland Norway to Svalbard you need to undergo testing during the last 24 hours prior to your departure time. As an example, if your flight leaves Oslo with a connecting flight in Tromsø, you should be tested for the coronavirus no more than 24 hours prior to your departure from Tromsø. The test is free of charge for residents of Svalbard.

Exceptions to the quarantine rules

As a rule of thumb, you will need to go into quarantine upon your arrival to Norway but with some exceptions. Some exceptions apply both during work and leisure time, while other exceptions apply only during work.

Read more about the exceptions to the quarantine rules.

Isolation

You must be in isolation if you have a confirmed coronavirus infection or develop symptoms while in quarantine.

If you are in home isolation the following applies:

  • Stay at home and do not go out, apart from in your own garden or balcony / porch / terrace.
  • Make arrangements for others to help out with your necessary errands.
  • Preferably keep a distance of at least two meters to others in your same household.
  • Stay in separate rooms and use separate bathrooms if possible. Use your own toiletries, including your own towel.
  • Take extra care to maintain good hand and cough hygiene to avoid infecting others in the household.
  • Frequent cleaning of the home is also important, especially surfaces that are often touched.

Where to implement the isolation

You will be in isolation in your home, in a health institution or somewhere else if required.

The municipality is responsible for making sure you have a suitable place to implement your isolation period. If the municipality considers that your isolation period should be implemented elsewhere, the municipality should offer alternative accommodation at a hotel or other suitable residence. The municipality may also decide for those who live with a person with a coronavirus infection to stay at another suitable place of residence. In both cases, the municipality must cover the cost.

The municipality is responsible for making sure persons in travel quarantine at a quarantine hotel who test positive for the coronavirus are given a suitable place of residence for implementing their isolation period

Ending the isolation

You can end the isolation period when 10 days have passed since the onset of symptoms and you have not had a fever for at least 24 hours. For persons in hospital or who undergo immunosuppressant treatment the requirement for isolation may be longer.

If you do not develop any symptoms, you can end the isolation period after 10 days from when your positive test for the coronavirus was taken.

Your isolation period is ended also if others in your household are still in isolation or quarantine.

The Norwegian Institute of Public Health provides further information on the criteria for ending the isolation (in Norwegian).

Members of the same household as someone who is in isolation

If you live with a person who is in isolation with a confirmed coronavirus infection, you must be in quarantine.

Duration of the quarantine for household members of a person in isolation

The other household members should implement their quarantine as described above if the person with a coronavirus infection is able to live separately from the rest of the household.

If the person with a coronavirus infection is not able to live separately from the rest of the household, day 5 of the quarantine period can be counted as their last day of contact and first day of quarantine. Hence the members of the household will need to stay in quarantine for a total of 15 days.

If you are required to stay in quarantine for 15 days, you will also be able to take a test to shorten your quarantine duty period. The test cannot be taken any earlier than on day 12 (5+7) after the onset of symptoms for the last person in the household who turns ill.

The Norwegian Institute of Public Health also provides advice for people who are isolated at home due to the coronavirus.

Advice during quarantine and isolation

During a period of home quarantine or isolation, daily routines and family life take a different turn. You cannot go to work, school or kindergarten.

This can often lead to less physical activity, irregular meals, and a possible decrease or increase in the amount of sleep. Most people will spend more time in front of a screen.

Structure your day

Creating new routines at home is important. Try to stick to a normal sleep pattern. For many, school and working from home will help bring structure, meaning and a sense of security in their everyday life. Find good ways to structure and manage your job situation while working from home. Keeping up your hobbies can also be a good way to stay active.

Get your daily dose of physical activity and daylight

Life during an indoor quarantine can easily turn sedentary. Physical activity, enjoying nature and getting your daily dose of daylight have a positive effect on both mental health and sleep patterns. You can go for a walk while in quarantine, pending you keep a good distance to others.

Maintain social interactions

While in quarantine or isolation, you can stay in touch via social media or over the phone. Setting up regular appointments to communicate with family, friends, fellow students and colleagues can be a good thing.

Positive measures for children, youth and families in home quarantine or isolation

There are many activities that can be of help for families with children in this situation:

Talk to the children

Children need intelligible information as to why they are confined to home quarantine or isolation, and what they themselves can do. It is important the children learn that their efforts will help reduce the risk of others being infected. Ask if they have any questions and give them clear answers. Remember that children pick up on more than you think. Children can also have a sense of guilt in the situation or be very afraid. Do not wait for them to approach you with their questions. Ask them what information or news they have heard and respond to their query.

Soundness is contagious

When you are secure, the children feel secure. When children are afraid, they need comfort and care. Take some deep breaths and find your inner strength. Build a sense of safety by recognising their emotions and help them handle all their emotions. Children might need adults to display extra patience in this situation.

Stick to your routines

Even if our daily routines differ from what we are used to, keeping a daily rhythm with structured activities is beneficial. This includes getting up and going to bed at the usual time, being physically active and doing homework. Healthy, regular meals, sleep and physical activity will reduce the level of stress in a young person as well as in adults.

You can go for a walk even if you are in quarantine, but make sure you keep a good distance to others. Children and young people should have the opportunity for play. Accompanying children for outdoor activities at least once a day is encouraged.

Bedtime routines can be affected when children are afraid and/or ill. Stick to your regular bedtime routines. Avoid letting children spend too much time alone with their phone or tablet, and preferably put these down one hour ahead of bedtime. Children might often wake up during the night and come to their parents, this is quite normal and will pass.