Europe - travel vaccination advice

Vaccination against various diseases is recommended when travelling to some European countries, particularly Eastern Europe. The vaccines depend on the destination, type of accommodation, sanitary conditions, length of stay and the general health of the traveller.

Malaria precautions are important in a few countries in the very eastern part of Europe. Avoid mosquito bites by covering up with clothing such as long sleeves and long trousers especially after sunset, using insect repellents on exposed skin and, when necessary, sleeping under a mosquito net. 

Some countries have their own recommendations for the meningococcal vaccine. People who are unsure if they have had the MMR vaccine or whether they have had measles, mumps and rubella are recommended to have the vaccine.

Check your vaccination status

If you have children under the age of 16, you can also see which vaccines they have received.

International travel can be divided into two main groups 

Group 1

Business and tourist travel to cities and tourist resorts, staying in standard tourist-class hotels with good food hygiene and adequate sanitary conditions.

Group 2

Long-term foreign travel or residence in areas with poor hygiene and sanitation, and / or close and prolonged contact with locals (such as work, back-packing trips, immigrants on a visit to their former homeland).

Travel vaccines for Europe

  • dTP-IPV: Diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough and polio vaccine
  • Hep A: Hepatitis A vaccine
  • Hep B: Hepatitis B vaccine
  • IPV: Poliomyelitis vaccine
  • Rab: Rabies vaccine
  • TBE: Tick-borne encephalitis vaccine
  • Typh: Typhoid vaccine
  • BCG: Tuberculosis vaccine 

( ): Parentheses around the abbreviation means that the proposed prevention should be considered individually depending on the trip type and local geographic and seasonal variations in disease prevalence. In addition, the traveller's health, age and previous immunisation status should be considered.

 

​Destination

Group 1

​Group 2

United Kingdom

dTP-IPV* dTP-IPV*

Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Italy, Switzerland, Sweden

​dTP-IPV *  ​​dTP-IPV * 
(TBE)

Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia

​dTP-IPV *  ​​dTP-IPV * 
(Rab)
(TBE)

Albania, Estonia, Croatia, Latvia, Montenegro,
Serbia

​dTP-IPV *  ​​dTP-IPV * 
(Hep A)
(Rab)
(TBE)

Russia (European part)

​dTP-IPV *  ​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
(Hep B)
(Rab)
(TBE)
(BCG)

Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina

​dTP-IPV *  ​​dTP-IPV * 
(Hep A)
(Hep B)
(Rab)
(TBE)

Lithuania

​dTP-IPV *  ​​dTP-IPV * 
(Hep A)
(Rab)
(TBE) (BCG)

North Macedonia, Slovakia, Turkey

​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
(Rab)
(TBE)

Bulgaria, Kosovo

​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
(Hep B)
(Rab)
(TBE)

Moldova, Romania, Ukraine**

​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
(Hep B)
(Rab)
(TBE)
(BCG)

Azerbaidjan, Georgia

​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
(Hep B)

 (Rab)

 (BCG)

(Typh)

​Armenia

​​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
​dTP-IPV * 
Hep A
(Hep B) 
(Rab)
(Typh)

* Everybody should be vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough) and poliomyelitis. Adults who have had the basic vaccinations should have a booster dose against these diseases every 10 years. 

** In 2022, vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 was found in several sewage samples in London, UK with no cases of the disease being detected. Vaccination coverage in the UK is generally high, but the virus has been detected in a geographically limited area with under-vaccinated population groups. 

For travellers, it is especially important to ensure up-to-date polio vaccination and consider bringing forward the vaccination of infants.

Vaccination advice when traveling to other parts of the world

Content provided by Norwegian Institute of Public Health

Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Europe - travel vaccination advice. [Internet]. Oslo: The Norwegian Directorate of Health; updated Monday, October 23, 2023 [retrieved Friday, March 1, 2024]. Available from: https://www.helsenorge.no/en/vaksiner-og-vaksinasjon/reisevaksiner/travel-vaccination-europe/

Last updated Monday, October 23, 2023