Quarantine and isolation due to the coronavirus

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What applies to your situation?

In the below list you will find an overview of various situations related to transmission quarantine for close contacts and the corresponding rules that apply.

To find out what applies for more than one person you will need to read the rules that apply for each individual person.

See the definition of a close contact, household member and similar close contacts as well as other close contacts here.

What applies to your situation?

Transmission quarantine for close contacts

All close contacts of a person with a confirmed coronavirus infection should as a rule of thumb complete a 10-day transmission quarantine.

This applies when the close contact happened within the 48 hours prior to the person developing symptoms of COVID-19 or - if no symptoms appear - from when the test was taken.

Close contacts who are defined as "other close contacts" are not under quarantine duty but are recommended to follow a test regime.  

For a definition of close contacts, see here.

Read about the exceptions to transmission quarantine here.

Members of the same household or similar close contacts

As a rule of thumb, all close contacts who is a member of the same household or similar close contact of a person with a confirmed coronavirus infection should complete a 10-day transmission quarantine.

Similar close contacts can for example be a romantic partner, your best friend, someone staying overnight at your place or someone you have been in close contact with over some time.

Testing while in quarantine: 

  • You must take a test for the coronavirus as soon as possible.
  • You should also take a test for the coronavirus after 7 days. You can end the quarantine if the test result comes back negative.

The approved test methods for both tests are self-test, rapid antigen-based test or PCR-based test.

Children under the age of 16 do not need to undergo testing if it is disproportionately difficult to take the test.

If you test positive (coronavirus detected) during your time in quarantine, you will have to enter isolation and follow the rules that apply.

Members of the same household as someone with a coronavirus infection

household have a coronavirus infection and you are not able to keep a sufficient distance, you should count the 10-day quarantine period starting from the fourth day of the isolation period of the infected person. The reason for this is that further transmission typically occurs during the last couple of days prior to symptoms appearing, but also the first couple of days after, yet it will be difficult to pinpoint the exact time of the last close contact with the infected household member. The full quarantine period will therefore be 14 days.

You will ned to take a test for the coronavirus after 11 days (4 + 7) and can end the transmission quarantine if the test result on day 11 comes back negative.

Example:

A family of three are part of the same household. The son of the house receives a positive test result for the coronavirus and will have to enter a 6-day isolation period. The parents will need to enter a transmission quarantine and should start counting 10 days from when the son has been in isolation for four days. The total quarantine period will be 14 days. The parents can take a PCR-based test after 11 days (4+7) and can end their quarantine period if the test result comes back negative.

How to implement the transmission quarantine

If you are in transmission quarantine, the following applies:

  • Stay at home or another suitable location.
    • It should be possible for you to avoid close contact with others, stay in a separate bedroom, bathroom as well as kitchen (or have food served) where you implement your quarantine.
  • Not go to work, school or kindergarten.
  • Not travel domestically.
  • Not seek out places where it will be difficult to keep sufficient distance to others.
  • Do not travel by public transport.
  • Not seek out public places such as shops, pharmacies and cafes. If unavoidable, you can conduct necessary errands in the store or pharmacy. Make sure you keep sufficient distance to others.
  • Avoid having visitors. Children should not have playmates beyond those who live in the same household.
  • Parents and children can be together (contact agreement) even if one of them is in quarantine.

You can go for a walk. Children and young people should have the opportunity for play. Accompanying children for outdoor activities at least once a day is encouraged. Remember to keep a good distance to others.

Symptoms of COVID-19 while in transmission quarantine

If you are in transmission quarantine and develop symptoms of COVID-19, you must take a test for the coronavirus.

For further information om the typical symptoms of COVID-19, see here.

Exceptions to transmission quarantine

Other close contacts

Other close contacts are not under quarantine duty but are recommended to follow a test regime. You should also pay close attention to any symptoms developing. If you do experience any symptoms you should stay a home and take a test for the coronavirus

Other close contacts can for example be a colleague, a classmate or someone who have had dinner at your place.

A person who you have in been frequent and close contact with over time counts as a family member or similar close contact, irrespective of age. They will then have to follow the rules for transmission quarantine.

Recommendations for testing 

You should take two tests for the coronavirus after having been in close contact with at person with a coronavirus infection:

  • Take the first test on day 3
  • Take the second test on day 5

If the test result is positive (coronavirus detected), you will have to enter isolation and follow the rules that apply.

The approved test methods for both tests are self-test, rapid antigen-based test or PCR-based test.

How are close contacts defined?

You are defined as a close contact if you:  

  • have been in contact with a person with a confirmed coronavirus infection less than 48 hours prior to the person developing symptoms of COVID-19. If the person with a confirmed coronavirus infection does not develop any symptoms contact tracing will start from the time the test was taken.

AND

  • the contact was
    • less than two metres distance for more than 15 minutes OR 
    • direct physical contact OR
    • direct contact with secrete.  

A further distinction is made for those who are defined as close contacts, as they are split into the two following groups: Those who are household members or similar close contacts - and those who are similar close contacts.

If you have tested positive for the coronavirus you are responsible for informing your close contacts yourself. You can contact your municipality if you need help to assess who your close contacts are.

Members of the same household or similar close contacts

Members of the same household or similar close contacts are those with whom you live or are In contact with on a level comparable to those in your own household. This can for example be a boyfriend or girlfriend, your best friend or someone staying overnight at your place.

Other close contacts

Other close contacts are those with whom you according to the above-mentioned criteria have been a close contact to, but who is not a household member or similar close contact. This can for example be a colleague, classmate or dinner guests.

Isolation

You must be in isolation if you have a confirmed coronavirus infection.

If you have tested positive for the coronavirus you are responsible for informing your close contacts yourself. For a definition of close contacts, see here. You can contact your municipality if you need help to assess who your close contacts are.

When in isolation the following applies:

  • Stay at home and do not go outside, except from in your own garden or balcony / porch / terrace.
  • Make arrangements for others to help out with your necessary errands.
  • Preferably keep a distance of at least two meters to others in your same household.
  • Stay in separate rooms and use separate bathrooms if possible. Use your own toiletries, including your own towel.
  • Food should be delivered to your room or you should be alone in the kitchen.
  • Take extra care to maintain good hand and cough hygiene to avoid infecting others in the household.
  • You / your household should not have guests visiting

Where to implement the isolation

You will be in isolation in your home, at another suitable location or in a health institution

If the municipality considers that you cannot implement your isolation period at home should be implemented elsewhere, the municipality should offer alternative accommodation at a hotel or other suitable residence. The municipality may also decide for those who live with a person with a coronavirus infection to stay at another suitable place of residence. In both cases, the municipality must cover the cost.

The municipality is responsible for making sure persons in travel quarantine at a quarantine hotel who test positive for the coronavirus are given a suitable place of residence for implementing their isolation period.

For how long do you have to be in isolation?

If you develop symptoms you can end the isolation when a minimum of 6 days has passed from when the symptoms appeared, and you have not had a fever for at least 24 hours (without having taken antipyretics against fever). This applies whether you are vaccinated or not.

If you do not develop symptoms you can end the isolation when 6 days has passed from when the test confirming the coronavirus infection was taken. This applies whether you are vaccinated or not.

Your isolation period is ended also if others in your household are still in isolation or quarantine.

For persons in hospital or who undergo immunosuppressant treatment the requirement for isolation may be longer.

The Norwegian Institute of Public Health provides further information advice on the criteria for ending the isolation and how long you should be in isolation (in Norwegian).

Lingering symptoms

Lingering symptoms are symptoms that remain after the isolation period is ended. This can be loss of/altered sense of taste and smell, coughing, shortness of breath and a reduced general condition. These symptoms are usually transient and will pass after some time.

As long as you have completed your isolation period and have not had a fever for 24 hours (without having taken antipyretics against fever), some lingering symptoms do not pose a concern.

If you feel ill, you should stay at home until your general condition has improved.  Some may experience long-term symptoms and effects for a longer period of time. Here you can find advice and read more about the long-term effects following COVID-19. (in Norwegian)

Children and youth in isolation 

It is important that the need for care for children and young people who are in isolation is met, even if this means you will not be able to keep a physical distance to them. This applies whether the child or you yourself are the one who is in isolation. As a consequence, siblings within the same household may socialize as normal.

Children and young people who are in isolation or quarantine can also go outdoors, if they avoid contact with everyone except their household members.

Travel quarantine

The requirement for entering a travel quarantine varies with age, vaccination status and the colour of the country you are travelling from.

See the rules for entry and how to complete your travel quarantine here.