Suicidal thoughts can range from passing thoughts that life is not worth living, to actual plans to take one’s own life.
The reasons why someone has suicidal thoughts or chooses to end their life are often complex. Some people experience suicidal thoughts in connection with mental disorders and distress, and others as a reaction to a personal crisis. For others, there is no one specific cause.
It is important to be alert to reactions following critical, distressing events in someone’s life. Everyone will mostly likely experience such situations in the course of their life, and for some it may trigger a personal crisis and put the person at risk of suicidal thoughts and suicide. Examples of such situations are:
In other words, suicidal thoughts can happen without there being any mental disorder. Having these thoughts is a sign that life is not the way it should be, and that the problems need to be addressed, and a solution found. If those thoughts become too intrusive, it is important to seek professional help.
Depression, anxiety and other mental disorders
About 20 percent of the population will suffer a depression one or more times in their lifetime. It is not uncommon for people with a clinical depression to have thoughts of suicide.
It is normal to have periods in life where your mood fluctuates or you feel sad, but if you notice that it affects your quality of life, self-esteem and everyday functioning, it is important to seek help.
Here's more information about what depression is and where you can get help.
Other mental disorders
A number of other mental illnesses increase the risk of suicide. In addition to depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, substance abuse and personality disorders are also associated with increased suicide risk.